Highly varied learning facilities and support from parents among students, even in a class taught by the same teacher, leads to equally varied practices of learning from home. This widens even further learning inequalities among students. Students with limited support receive the worst impacts of the school closure policy.
Simulations show that school closures due to COVID-19 may result in worse learning losses than those accumulated during regular school breaks. This loss of schooling can have long-term effects on wages. All students face a high risk of scarring.
In some regions in Indonesia, efforts to contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic have been followed by the distance learning policy. As a result, teachers and students are required to be able to adapt to changes in the teaching-learning process. In practice, however, the implementation of the policy varies greatly and is influenced by many different factors.